10 Jul

Episode 12 – Democrats vs Democrats

The battle of the century!

Episode 12 – Democrats vs Democrats

The Democrats really decided to screw the pooch on this one. Instead of arguing policy or politics, they chose to go low and sue college students. Classy. We discuss the democrats’ lawsuit against CSUF’s College Republicans in their latest effort to invalidate the recall of Josh Newman. But it doesn’t stop there. Apparently, some democrats aren’t democraty enough for the progressive wing of their own party. There is a civil war a-brewin’ in the democrat caucus, and we’re all getting seats to watch the fireworks. As we discuss the civil war, we also bring up the fact that the democrats didn’t really plan out SB562, the universal healthcare bill, very well. Prop 98, the mandatory school funding measure passed in 1988, kinda puts a damper on any increase in the budget to pay for single-payer. Finally, we way the merits of declaring 4 different nuts the official state nut. Super important work going on in Sacramento.

Recall Update – CA Democratic Party Sues CSUF Students


  • Three members of CSUF’s College Republicans group were named in a new lawsuit filed by the California Democratic Party.
    • The lawsuit claims the offending young conservatives purposely misled voters into signing the petition to recall Josh Newman.
    • “The suit names Amanda McGuire, Brooke Paz, and Ryan Hoskins as defendants in the suit, for volunteering their weekends to talk to constituents about the cost of Newman’s vote to the district’s taxpayers.”
  • Quotes from the Daily Wire:
    • Amanda McGuire, who is Vice-President of the College Republicans, asserted that “the lawsuit is a shameful and frantic attempt to silence voters of the district. The intimidation tactics espoused by the California Democrats should no longer be tolerated. It’s gone too far when college students are being dragged into court for becoming involved with the issues faced by their local cities. I’m proud to be a part of the party that fights to fix our government on every level.”
    • “This lawsuit is the definition of frivolous, and more than that, an obstruction of the very processes that every Californian should hold dear,” Ryan Hoskins, Secretary of the College Republicans said in a written statement. “By naming myself and my fellow club members as defendants on this lawsuit, the California Democrats are attempting to scare us into backing down from this signature gathering effort. They will not succeed in breaking our spirit, and with the support of the California Republican Party, we will fight it in the court of law.”
  • This is a bad look for the Democrats.
    • They seem like bullies. They seem petty.
    • This is just another in an ever increasing line of desperate attempts to maintain their power and supermajority.

California Story – Democratic Civil War


  • California’s Democratic Party is engaged in a civil war.
    • On one side there is the establishment democrats – moderate corporatists like Nancy Pelosi.
    • On the other is the much more left-wing Bernie Sanders-type democrats who advocate for far more socialist programs.
      • Like the universal healthcare bill – SB562
  • With no real opposition from the CA GOP, democrats are left to fight with each other over policy.
    • “We’re on the same team,” said Assemblyman Reggie Jones-Sawyer, chairman of the Assembly’s progressive caucus. “We should not be fighting one another. We should argue with one another. … It should not devolve into something where it could tear the party apart.”
  • The more progressive wing of the party is banking on the anti-Trump sentiment in California to fuel a sprint to the far left.
    • We essentially have democrats trying to out-democrat each other.
    • “It’s more than a disappointment, watching how it plays out there in California,” said Donna Smith, executive director of Progressive Democrats of America. “For Democrats, for progressives, [health care] really encompasses everything that’s going on in the country at the moment. And California … is so critical, and California is this incubator of what happens in Democratic politics.”
  • A lot of this stems from Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon shelving the Single-Payer Healthcare bill.
    • The Nurses Union has said they will fund primary challenges against Rendon in the next election.
    • Basically, if you aren’t the right kind of Democrat, some group will fund the campaign of someone else who is.

California Story – Prop 98 Is Blocking Single-Payer in CA

How California’s Prop 98 Is Blocking Single-Payer

  • Prop 98 – passed in 1988, requires that a minimum of 40% of California’s general fund spending is to be spent on education and the actual percentage of the general fund spent on education is over 50%.
    • This was an unintended consequence of Prop 13.
      • When the property taxes that made up the bulk of education funding started drying up after Prop 13 was passed, education activists pushed Prop 98 to ensure education was always funded.
  • Basically, if Single-Payer is passed in California and the budget is increase by $200 or $400 billion dollars, 40%-50% of that new budget is required to be spent on education.
    • Any new amounted added to the budget is subject to the requirements of Prop 98.
      • Prop 98 can be suspended by a 2/3 vote of the legislature, which it has been twice during economic downturns.
      • It cannot be suspended indefinitely because each time it is suspended it requires the funding lost due to the suspension to be made up next fiscal year.
        • Continually suspending Prop 98 would lead to an ever-increasing debt obligation that would be forced onto future budgets.
        • Someone would inevitably sue over continued suspension of Prop 98.
  • The only way to get around this would be to pass another initiative to revoke Prop 98.
    • I suspect the California Teachers Union might have something to say about that.

California Story – CA GOP Sweats Trump Effect


  • Assemblyman Travis Allen is proud of his vote for Trump in the 2016 election.
    • Of the 3 republicans who have announced their intent to run for Governor in 2018, he is the only one who voted for Trump.
  • He claims the 4.4 million people who voted for Trump in California will respect and appreciate his vote for Trump.
    • Nearly double that voted for Clinton, so maybe touting your vote for Trump isn’t the best way to get elected governor.
    • Thanks to Trump — whose approval rating in California is just 27 percent and who lost the popular vote by 4 million votes here — getting to the governorship is “almost an insurmountable mountain for Republicans to climb,’’ said USC political analyst Sherry Bebitch Jeffe.
    • Couple that with the Top Two Primary system we have in California and he’s basically killed his chances by highlighting his presidential vote.

California Bill AB1067 Names 4 Nuts the “State Nut”


  • Existing law declares the official state animal, rock, mineral, grass, insect, bird, and marine fish, among other things.
  • This bill would make the almond, walnut, pistachio, and pecan each the official state nut.
    • None of which are botanical nuts.
    • Jerry Brown signed it into law today.
    • https://www.gov.ca.gov/news.php?id=19868
    • While the Assembly had 6 and the Senate had 7 “No Votes Recorded” not a single legislator voted against this “State Nut” bill. Because California cannot have enough nuts apparently. Even on ceremonial nonsense bills used for marketing purposes the State can’t make tough calls and just pick something.
    • Do we really need a State Nut? Let alone 4?


03 Jul

Episode 11 – Ferguson for Senate!

Will Joshua Ferguson be our next state senator?

We have a big announcement to make here at The Hourly Struggle. Our very own Joshua Ferguson has decided to run against Josh Newman in the recall election. We get into how Mr. Ferguson came to this decision and what he hopes to accomplish with his campaign. We then get into the Democrats’ new ploy to keep Josh Newman in office by manipulating an interpretation of campaign finance law so they can donate more money to Newman’s war chest. Then we have a discussion about how liberal groups in the state are eating their own over the shelving of SB562 – California’s universal healthcare bill. Finally, we get into a debate about whether being a conservative in California is really worth it and if we should just all move to Arizona or Texas.

Check out Mr. Ferguson’s campaign website at JoshuaFerguson.com and FergusonForSenate.com.

Donate to the Ferguson For Senate campaign here.

Lead Story – Joshua Ferguson is running for State Senate


  • You’ve stated before that you didn’t intend to run. What changed your mind? Why are you running?
    • Did you feel like you were forced to run? Why?
  • What makes you qualified to run for state senate?
  • You are registered as No Party Preference (NPP). Will you affiliate with either of the two main parties during the election or will you remain NPP?
    • Has anyone approached you from either party?
    • What obstacles might you encounter if you are not affiliated with either of the two main parties?
  • What makes you different from any other candidates or potential candidates for this office?
    • How are you different from Josh Newman?
  • What do you hope to accomplish in the 29th District?
    • How do you intend to represent 3 different counties?
  • What is your vision for California?
    • How do you intend to see this vision through when, if elected, you will inevitably be in the minority in the state legislature?
    • Would you be able to work with politicians from the other side of the ideological divide to get things done in Sacramento?
  • What are your key issues, if any?
    • Taxes? Environment? Muh roads?
  • Sacramento seems to have a slight problem with transparency. What would you like to see done to improve the ease of dissemination of information from Sacramento?
    • They also have a tendency to pass bills that favor their own self-interest. What would you do if faced with a bill like SB96?
  • Why is this election important to you?
  • What is your history in this area? Josh Newman was a transplant from Northern California and this area tends to attract carpetbaggers at all levels of government. Do you have strong ties to the community?
  • Why should we vote for you?
  • You’re running an independent campaign, correct? How can people donate to help your campaign?

Recall Update – California Dems Try to Change the Rules Again


  • The California Fair Political Practices Commission set the limit on personal contributions to state senate or assembly campaigns at $4,400 per person.
    • This has been the Commission’s stance for over a decade (since the 2003 recall of then Gov. Gray Davis).
    • Democrats in the state legislature are now asking the Commission to reexamine its position.
      • They want to be able to funnel out of district money into Josh Newman’s coffers to help fund the effort to defeat the recall.
      • “Unlike the perpetrators of this fraudulent recall attempt, Senate Democrats are committed to properly interpreting and adhering to the law ,” said Jason Kinney, a spokesman for Senate Democrats. “Given the exigency of the issue, it seems logical and appropriate that the bipartisan FPPC would want to consider the matter quickly.”
        • I understand they are against the recall, but calling it fraudulent is really insulting to every voter who signed the petition.
    • Republicans tried to do the same thing in 2008 to help Sen. Jeff Denham during the campaign to recall him.
      • The FPPC did not change its position then.
  • An attorney for Newman is begging the Commission to expedite a review of their position.
    • Because the proponents of the recall have submitted 85,000 signatures and the pace of the recall is accelerating, time is against Newman and his team.
    • They are trying every trick they can to delay or derail this recall.
  • The Democrats in Sacramento are not afraid of stacking the deck in Newman’s favor to keep him in office.
    • They already have with the changes made to the recall election rules set forth in SB96.
    • This would be yet another way for them to circle the wagons and consolidate power.
  • The Commission agreed to reinstate their July meeting (previously cancelled because of a prescheduled office/location move).
    • This means there could be a potential new ruling/interpretation as early as August.
  • The Democrats in Sacramento have absolutely no shame. The only thing that matters to them is staying in power.

California Story – The Democrats Eat Their Own


  • Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon (D) is facing extreme backlash over his decision to shelve SB562, the California Single-Payer Healthcare Bill.
    • He has said publicly that the bill is woefully inadequate and doesn’t explain how to pay for the system, how it will be administered, and is missing many other crucial pieces of logistical planning.
    • Rendon ostensibly doesn’t want to pass an incomplete bill just to say he did.
      • He apparently has more restraint that the rest of his party.
  • The backlash has come from groups that normally support the democrats – Unions and liberal activists.
    • “In recent days, we have become alarmed and disheartened by bullying tactics, threats of violence, and death threats by a few who disagree with the decision of Speaker Anthony Rendon to postpone the advancement of SB 562,” they said, referring to the scrapped single-payer health care bill. “While it is appropriate for persons of varying views to express concern, disapproval or disfavor about the delay, it is never acceptable to engage in those tactics.”
    • Pictures and memes have been circulating on social media claiming Rendon is the sole reason single-payer is California is dead.
      • One tweet suggested that someone should “check his schedule for baseball practice” – an obvious reference to the shooting of US Rep. Steve Scalise.
      • The Nurses Union, the most vocal supporters of SB562, have denied any of their members have made the threats, but they remain extremely critical of Rendon and his decision.
  • Assembly Democrats are trying to calm Rendon’s critics and decrying the calls for violence.
    • “The political campaign of 2016 was filled with verbal attacks and even calls for violence. These are tactics that we all abhor. Let us not become the persons that we detest,” they said.
  • “It certainly wasn’t a bill,” Rendon told The Hill. “There was absolutely no funding attached to a $400 billion proposal, no service delivery mechanism.”

California Story – What is Wrong with California


  • Opinion piece on the state of California politics.
    • Essentially posits that California’s metro centers (specifically the Los Angeles and Bay Areas) drive the politics of the rest of the state.
      • Highlights the differences between rural and urban areas and their values, concerns, etc.
      • Urban areas are the geographic minority, but they also house the majority of the state’s population.
        • As such, California often gets a reputation as a liberal state, even though there are plenty of conservatives here as well.
        • The major city centers are typically liberal, so that leads to the assumption that the rest of the state is as well.
    • Compares the results of 2016 presidential election to California’s situation.
      • Hillary Clinton won the popular vote, but lost the Electoral College.
        • Discussion about the purpose of the electoral college here?
      • California elections have no such protections against the “tyranny of the majority.”
        • Practically all state-wide offices will invariably go to democrats simply because of the political demographics of largely populated cities.
          • This is practically guaranteed with California’s current “Top Two” primary system.
  • The common suggestion to conservatives in California is to just move.
    • “Sure, it may seem easy to some people to just pick up and move, but it is not that easy for all of us. Some of us have jobs and positions that can’t be performed elsewhere – farmers especially. Some of us can’t even afford a move. Some of us grew up here, have family, history, ties. Some of us can’t stomach the thought of abandoning what might be the most beautiful state in the union.”
    • https://www.reddit.com/r/California_Politics/comments/6kndk5/interesting_summary_of_the_political_state_of/
      • The responses to my comments in this thread were basically “if you don’t like it, leave.”

26 Jun

Episode 10 – Wanna Buy Some Legislators?

I got all the legislators you need.

Hey kids, wanna buy some legislators?

In this episode we delve into the latest information on the recall in California state senate district 29. We also discuss the messaging from Reform California and Carl DeMaio and how problematic it is and will be unless something changes. The OCDA is also on the menu as we talk about the latest black eye for the department. Joshua and Sean then go into a long discussion about the lack of accountability in Sacramento. No one is held accountable for anything they do in the legislature.

Recall Update

Carl DeMaio sent an email today saying they are approaching the June 30th deadline to collect petitions.

  • What June 30th deadline? What is he talking about?
    • Self-imposed deadline.
  • His messaging is so bad. Even his emails are confusing.

No real update other than that.

  • The budget was passed with the language to change the way recalls are held in California.
  • Newman has said he won’t take the 3% raise the government gave itself.
  • Anything else?

Local Story – Another Blow to the OCDA


  • “The Fourth District Court of Appeal Friday unanimously upheld a ruling that prosecutors with the Orange County District Attorney improperly withheld information from defense attorneys and misused a jailhouse informant, meaning a third trial for Henry Rodriguez, who has been convicted twice for aiding another man in the 1998 double murder of Jeanette Espeleta and her unborn child.”
  • This ruling stands in stark contrast to the findings of the OC grand jury two weeks ago.
    • The grand jury found that there was no system-wide  illegal use of jailhouse informants in OC jails by the OCDA and facilitated by the OC sheriff’s department.
    • This ruling found that the district attorney’s office improperly withheld information form defense attorneys and misusing a jailhouse informant in the case of Henry Rodriguez.
      • This is the 3rd time this case will be retried. How much has this cost taxpayers? How much will it cost?
        • How many cases have been retried because of this scandal? How many will?
        • Why is Tony Rackauckas still in office?
          • He’s up for reelection in 2018.

Local Story – Family Buried the Wrong Man


  • Elderly man buried what he thought was his dead son, only to find his son alive and well.
  • Frank Kerrigan, who is 57, homeless, and suffers from mental illness, was identified by the OC Coroner.
    • The coroner’s office insisted there was no need for the family to come in to identify the body since they’d already identified him by fingerprints.
      • Turns out, this wasn’t actually the case.
  • Frank’s sister went a Verizon store in Fountain Valley where authorities had found her brother’s “body.”
    • Coroner officials told his sister Frank had died peacefully, but she found blood and dirty blankets in the spot where his body was located.
  • Frank’s father was so overcome with grief at the funeral that he believed the body he saw in the casket was actually his son.
  • So how did the coroner misidentify the body?
    • “Someone” told authorities that the body they found outside the Verizon store looked like Frank.
      • Authorities ran his fingerprints, but they weren’t a match.
      • They then used an old driver’s license photo of Frank to make a visual ID.
  • After the family told the coroner’s office Frank was alive, they were informed that the coroner had run the fingerprints again and that they had matched another person.
    • That was on June 1. “Frank’s” funeral was on May 12 and cost the family $20,000.
  • The family is suing the OC sheriff’s department for emotional damage, and probably to recoup their financial losses.
  • The biggest question I have is whom did they bury?

California Story – Single-Payer Healthcare Has Been Shelved…For Now


  • California Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon shelved the Healthy California Act.
    • Rendon says he supported the concept of a single-payer program, but that the bill passed by the senate had too many problems.
      • “Even senators who voted for SB 562 noted there are potentially fatal flaws in the bill,” he said in a statement issued late Friday afternoon, “including the fact it does not address many serious issues, such as financing, delivery of care, cost controls or the realities of needed action by the Trump administration and voters to make SB 562 a genuine piece of legislation. In light of this, I have decided SB 562 will remain in the Assembly Rules Committee until further notice.”
      • “I think the surprise is that he didn’t kill it quietly through the suspense process,” said Thad Kousser, a political science professor at UC San Diego, referring to the “suspense file” where appropriations committees often place costly bills and decide their fate all at once. “That’s where expensive bills go to die without anyone having to take a public stand against them.”
    • The Nurses Union suggested Rendon might be in the pocket of the insurance industry.
    • The SEIU spokesman was happy that the topic of universal healthcare was even broached.
    • The bill’s authors were sad it was shelved, but expressed hope that it would be addressed later in the year.
      • Rendon stated that the bill isn’t dead.
    • Republicans point out that there are numerous problems with the bill.

California Story – Travis Allen is Running For Governor


  • Allen has thrown his hat in the ring along with several others.
    • Are running
      • Gavin Newson (D) – Lieutenant Governor
      • John Chiang (D) – Treasurer
      • Antonio Villariagosa (D) – Former mayor of LA
      • Delaine Eastin (D) – Former state superintendent of public education
      • John Cox (R) – Venture capitalist
      • Travis Allen (R) – State assemblyman
      • Rosey Grier (R) – Hall of fame football player for the LA Rams
    • Likely to run
      • David Hadly (R) – State assemblyman
      • Zoltan Istvan (L) – Former Transhumanist Party candidate for president
      • Kevin Faulconer (R) – Former San Diego mayor and councilman
      • Eric Garcetti (D) – LA Mayor
      • Tom Steyer (D) – Hedge fund manager
      • Ashley Swearengin (R) – Former mayor of Fresno (supported HSR)
      • Steve Westly (D) – Venture capitalist
12 Jun

Episode 8 – Democracy in Peril

This is an insult to democracy.

There is an important update on the recall of Josh Newman. Our illustrious legislators are trying some underhanded tricks to try and improve Newman’s odds of surviving the recall. Our very democracy is under attack. We also discuss how Californians love to get new entitlements, but not when we have to pay for them. We also took question submitted by locals via the Nextdoor app and Facebook questions. Don’t forget to check out our website for more articles and information on the stories we talked about in this episode.

Lead Story – Legislature Passes Bill that will Neuter the Recall



California State Senate amended and passes SB-96, which, among other things does the following:

  • Allows for 60 free days for the signatures to be verified
    • 30 days for recall signers to withdraw their signature
    • 30 days for the Department of Finance to estimate the cost of the recall election
      • The Department of Finance then has 21 days to publish their cost estimate
    • Random sampling of signatures to prove validity would no longer be accepted. Each signature must be verified.
      • The random sampling method was 3% of total signatures or 500, whichever was larger.
  • This would be applied retroactively, which means it would affect the recall of Josh Newman.
  • Election officials would also have to put the cost of the election in the voter guide.

Californians Don’t Like the Gas Tax


A new survey from UC Berkeley’s Institute of Governmental Studies found that 58% of registered voters in California oppose SB-1, the gas and car tax.

  • Opposition is widespread
    • 39% strongly oppose and 19% somewhat oppose
    • “Voters in all major regions of the state other than the Bay Area, all listed races and ethnic subgroups, and all age categories over 30 are unhappy about it. Strongly liberal voters are the only group in which a large majority supports the law.”
  • This could be disastrous to legislators who supported the bill and are up for reelection in 2018

Local Story – Brea is full of Racists, I guess


Gustavo Arellano doubles down on the Brea is full of racists story.

  • “The KKK was terrorizing minorities as recently as last summer. And now there’s this: a Brea eighth-grader told a black classmate that because of Trump’s presidential victory, she would have to ‘go back to Africa—where you belong.'”
  • Arellano asserts Brea was founded by members of the Ku Klux Klan.
    • He claims the names of these Klansmen can be found on membership rolls available at the Anaheim History Room.
    • This has set off a firestorm of angry comments from residents, both against the incident at the school and against Arellano for the tenor and direction of his story.
      • Essentially, it’s “Hey Brea, you know your city was founded by racists? Looks like nothing much has changed.”
  • My (Sean’s) issue with this whole story is just because a city was founded by a group almost 100 years ago doesn’t mean that group or their beliefs still influence the citizens in any way.
    • Arellano’s story is purposely inflammatory, and insults a lot of good people.

Laguna Beach Requires $100+ Permit for Any Kind of Public Photo Shoot


  • If you want to take non-commercial photos in public areas of Laguna Beach, you have to purchase a $100 (minimum) permit.
    • “‘Film Permits are required for all motion pictures, video and still photography when filming activity takes place on City of Laguna Beach property including parks, beaches, streets, sidewalks, and buildings,’ the city’s website states. ‘We offer two types of film permits: Non-Commercial Still Photo Permits and Commercial Photo Permits.'”
    • The fee is a minimum of $100 for a 2-hour shoot, and $50 for each additional hour.
  • A commercial photography permit (wedding photos, etc.) will run you $150 PLUS a $440 day use fee. A grand total of $590!
  • Josh can bring up his experience with a “professional camera” at ARTIC.

Californians Like Universal Healthcare…Unless They’re Taxed For It


  • A new poll shows 65% of Californians are in favor of a single payer healthcare system
    • However, the same poll showed that the support drops to 42% if the system would require new taxes to pay for it
      • This is obviously going to be the case.
        • Even the rosiest of projections include the necessity of a tax increase to make the program feasible.
  • This just shows that Californians are ignorant when it comes to entitlement programs
    • We like getting stuff, we just don’t like paying for stuff


03 Jun

(D)s Support Law Breaking to Stop the Recall

The (D)s have no shame in their effort to stop the recall against Senator Josh Newman. They could be arguing facts and making a solid case for why Sacramento needs an additional $5.2Billion on top of the $10Billion+ they already tax for transportation.

They could be making the case for why Single Payer isn’t being put in front of the voters.

They could be making a case for all of the government largess that the (D)s perpetually push on taxpayers but they’ll avoid doing any of the hard work.

Instead they’re following Jerry Brown’s example of calling us “Freeloaders” and Josh Newman trying to pin it on “Trump-Style Republicans“.

Not content with character attacks and guilt by association the local (D)s have upped the game to include supporting illegal activity and harassment.

This was posted recently on Facebook:

Some context. It was posted to a conversation about the Newman recall and this response was to a joke about calling in bomb threats from another anti-recall comment. This person, who according to the profile works for a national non-profit should know better.

The poster is correct that calling in a fake threat is illegal. The problem with the idea of signing a recall petition with a “faux name” is that it’s also illegal and takes the form of a felony.

Per California Elections Code – ELEC:

DIVISION 18. PENAL PROVISIONS [18000 – 18700], CHAPTER 7. Initiative, Referendum, and Recall [18600 – 18680], ARTICLE 2. False or Ineligible Signatures on Petition [18610 – 18614]

18613. Every person who subscribes to any initiative, referendum, or recall petition a fictitious name, or who subscribes thereto the name of another, or who causes another to subscribe such a name to that petition, is guilty of a felony and is punishable by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code for two, three, or four years.

This isn’t an isolated problem of supporting law breaking. On the Don’t Sign the Recall Facebook page you find posts such as:

OC DNC Wants to Police Involved

If activists are saying that people should commit felonies in order to hurt the recall effort is it too much of a reach to think that a false claim of harassment is over the line for their efforts?

This doesn’t start with “if you run into an over aggressive petitioner” it starts with “if you have time today, please call your local police”. The call to arms is to call the police because they don’t like the content of the petition. I’ve ignored petition gatherers for years when I don’t care about the issue and at worst they ask you a few times in the same way girl scouts hassle you to buy cookies. When I run into these issues I keep walking but the cops have never come to mind. Why? Because petitioners have a right to circulate on public property and on private property in the context of malls and public squares. That and I’m an adult who can politely say “no thanks”.

I do find it humorous that folks on the left always resort to the armed agents of the state in order to protect them from things they don’t like or fear. In this case the same officers they excoriate for racism and brutality are their first line of defense against a recall over a tax.